4. Flags, Crests and Official Designs
4.5. The Loyalist Flag
Red Canadian Ensign (1870-1965)
After the American Revolution, those colonists who remained loyal to the Crown and fought under the Red Ensign settled in many parts of what are now Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The Red Ensign is often referred to as the flag of Canada's United Empire Loyalists.
By the beginning of the twentieth century, the shield of the Red Ensign featured the arms of the seven provinces then in the Confederation.
In 1924, the Canadian government replaced the unofficial shield with the shield of the coat of arms of Canada.
This new version was approved for use on Canadian government building abroad. In Canada, the Canadian Red Ensign flew over federal buildings from 1945 until 1965, when it was replaced with the red and white maple leaf flag.