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4. Flags, Crests and Official Designs

4.9. Provincial and Territorial Flags

Traditional Heraldry and New Symbols

The Nunavut's flag is the newest, granted in 1999 by Governor General Romeo LeBlanc. Newfoundland's flag was designed by noted Canadian artist Christopher Pratt. Certain provincial flags incorporate traditional symbols associated with heraldry or use new symbols that may be associated with the region its landscape, flora and fauna. All provinces and territories have an official flower and bird. Some have official minerals, trees and animals.