Week 5 B -Graphics, Typography & Package Design

Week Ten Graphics, Typography & Package Design

2. Apprentice Typesetter, Edmonton Bulletin, Edmonton, Alberta, 1904

2.3. Almanach de Quebec, William Brown, Quebec Ctiy, Quebec, 1780

One of North America's earliest newspaper was the Alamanach de Quebec

"It is the general opinion that printing only began in Canada, properly so-called, after the country had been conquered by the English. Some bibliographers, however, find it hard t concede that, during the whole century and a half of its existence, New France could have remained deprived of useful tool which other civilized nations, especially its own neighbours, vied with each other in obtaining. They claim that at least one press was in operation toward the close of the French regime, and we must admit that some of the arguments which they marshall in support of their theory cannot be lightly rejected. It would be difficult to write the history of the beginnings of printing in Canada without first considering this preliminary question, which is, moreover, of the greatest interest.

One thing is certain, that, even in the very early days of the colony, the question of introducing a printing press into New France had been considered more than once. The original missionaries, in the interests of the Gospel, were the first to think of it, as did the Franciscans in Mexico and the Puritan ministers in New England....The Sulpicians in Montreal appear to have cherished the same ambition in 1683, as the Jesuits in Quebec did in 1765, but with no success. The reply which M. deBelmont received from M. Tronson, the Superior in Paris, deserves, we think to be quoted: " It is believed to be useless to send you type for printing, as requested by you, because we are advised that you would be unable to use it, and that books could not give adequate instruction to enable you to employ it successfully."

The nearest approach to the introduction of printing into New France is the attempt which we find made sixty years later, in 1749, by M. de la Galissonniere. Weh he raised the matter with the Minister of Marine, that official contented himself with putting forward the statement that the press would be eminently useful in the colony for the promulgation of the laws and regulations; but, being himself a literary man and a savant, he must have also thought it was time , in view of the state of civilization existing in New France, to provide means for the dissemination of ideas. Unfortunately, once again, the central authority held to the usual method of temporising. The official reply was that is was necessary to wait until such time as a printer should present himself, and that when this occured consideration would be given to the conditions upon which the privilege might be granted to him."

The Gazette de Quebec was received by 143 subscribers on 21st June, 1764. The paper concluded publication until 1874.

William Brown printed the Almanacs of Quebec from 1870 to 1841 with the exception of three breaks, in the years 1789. 1790, and 1793 concerning which is still some mystery.

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